Betty E. Vaden v. Discover Bank, et al.
Arbitration, Civil Procedure, Preemption
1. Whether a suit seeking to enforce a state-law arbitration obligation brought under Section 4 of the Federal Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C. section 4, "aris[es] under" federal law, see 28 U.S.C. section 1331, when the petition to compel itself raises no federal question but the dispute sought to be arbitrated -- a dispute that the federal court is not asked to and cannot reach -- involves federal law.
2. If so, whether a "completely preempted" state-law counterclaim in an underlying state-court dispute can supply subject-matter jurisdiction.
John A. Mattingly Jr.
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