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First Amendment History
In 1789, Congress proposed twelve amendments to the United States Constitution. Under Article V of the Constitution, these amendments would "be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution" when ratified by three-fourths of the States.
The first proposed amendment, which regulated the apportionment of Representatives among the states, remains unratified. The second amendment, which restricted congressional pay raises, was not ratified until '92 – that's 1992! Over 200 years later.
So, our present-day First Amendment, which was ratified in 1791, was really the third proposed amendment to the Constitution.
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